UUM ONLINE: The world is said to have entered the phase of the Industrial Revolution 4.0 which sees the rise in the use of robots in line with the development of artificial intelligence (AI) and the integration of the Internet of Things (IoT).
It is anticipated that there will be a clash between human nature and the world of robotic in the next industry surge in the 21st century this is where the challenges of the Industrial Revolution 4.0 rest when the involvement of human beings continues to shrink or become extinct.
Universiti Utara Malaysia (UUM) Pro-Chancellor, Tun Dato' Seri (Dr.) Ahmad Fairuz Sheikh Abdul Halim said that man could conduct their affairs more quickly, easily through various social media platforms and navigation applications which would help people live their lives more perfectly.
"This is what is known as the Internet of Things (IoT) which has become a major thrust of the Industrial Revolution 4.0," he said at the fifth session of the 30th UUM Convocation Ceremony held at Mu'adzam Shah Hall.
He explained that, the First Industrial Revolution (1760-1830) referred to the use of water or steam technology to move machinery involving the power of electricity that triggered the Second Industrial Revolution around 1870-1914 before the onset of the Third Industrial Revolution in the late 20th century through information technology.
According to him, in the Industrial Revolution 4.0 many experts saw that the essential task of man would be replaced by robotic energy that in turn would cause millions of people to lose their jobs especially in the manufacturing sector.
"The issue of employment is a very relevant aspect to the university. Is the education system ready to meet the challenges of the digital economy era in the future? What should the university do to address this challenge so that graduates produced are relevant to the working world? "
He said that if the robots played a more significant role in human life in the future, what would the ultimate purpose of life be, all these issues need to be studied and understood by academics to identify the pros and cons of the Industrial Revolution 4.0.
According to studies, half of the future occupation still does not exist today hence, the university can collaborate which will reduce the control of production activity and distribution of production factors.
"Location and distance are not barriers in the economic systems of the Industrial Age 4.0. Cost and economic growth issues have not been the main agenda with the advent of online business.
"Based on a report, an eight-year-old student is now able to learn science that was once only accessible to university students, this is an example of the ability of this digital revolution changing the method and content of the curriculum in the future," he said this while delivering his speech in front of 771 graduates.
In addressing the challenges of Industry 4.0, he urged governments, industries and universities to mobilize resources to find ways and formulate parallel policies so that Malaysia would not be left out and obtain optimum benefits.
Translated by Mahaliza Mahadhir
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